the effects oil palm empty fruit bunches on oil ... - palmoilis

THE EFFECTS OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES ON OIL ... - PALMOILIS

THE EFFECTS OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES ON OIL PALM NUTRITION AND YIELD, AND SOIL CHEMICAL PROPERTIES leaf N of 2.92% while inorganic N or EFB application alone only raised it to 2.78% and 2.75%, respectively, for the N2 and M2 treatments. No other significant interaction was detected. Leaf Phosphorus (P) Concentration

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optimization of pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches

OPTIMIZATION OF PYROLYSIS OF OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES

OPTIMIZATION OF PYROLYSIS OF OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES left after bunch stripping. A mill with a capacity of 60 t of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) per hour will thus produce almost 83 000 t EFB per year. These considerable volumes of organic waste, which are produced on a continuous basis, require effective

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effects of ten year application of empty fruit bunches in an ...

Effects of ten year application of empty fruit bunches in an ...

The oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB), a major waste product of the palm oil mills, were earlier incinerated at the mills and had contributed to air quality problems in Malaysia. This lead to the... Effects of ten year application of empty fruit bunches in an oil palm plantation on soil chemical properties | SpringerLink

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effects of torrefaction on the physiochemical properties of ...

Effects of torrefaction on the physiochemical properties of ...

In this study, EFB, PMF and PKS of fresh fruit bunch (FFB) are studied as shown in Fig. 1. The fresh fruit bunches are harvested from 10 to 20 years old oil palm trees (Elaeis guineensis) (height 12 m, diameter 30–45 cm). The EFB, PMF and PKS are collected from a palm oil mill processing plant where the FFB is used as the feedstock.

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effect of steam pretreatment on oil palm empty fruit bunch ...

Effect of steam pretreatment on oil palm empty fruit bunch ...

Lignocellulose into fuel ethanol is the most feasible conversion route strategy in terms of sustainability. Oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) generated from palm oil production is a huge source of cellulosic material and represents a cheap renewable feedstock which awaits further commercial exploitation.

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effects of ten year application of empty fruit bunches in an ...

Effects of ten year application of empty fruit bunches in an ...

Abstract : The oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB), a major waste product of the palm oil mills, were earlier incinerated at the mills and had contributed to air quality air quality Subject Category: Properties see more details problems in Malaysia malaysia Subject Category: Geographic Entities see more details. This lead to the introduction of ...

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characterization of ash made from oil palm empty fruit ...

Characterization of ash made from oil palm empty fruit ...

Characterization of ash made from oil palm empty fruit bunches (oefb). Udoetok I. A. International Journal of Environmental Sciences Volume 3 No.1, 2012 519 mill. This residue may cause environmental pollution problems and spread diseases. Other researches stated that oil palm empty fruit bunch is a lignocellulosic source which is available

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properties of oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre filled high ...

Properties of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre Filled High ...

Abstract – The properties of oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibre filled high density polyethylene (HDPE) have been investigated at filler loadings, 0 to 1.5 wt. %. Maleic anhydride–g–polyethylene (MAPE) was used as a compactibilizer. Oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre was prepared at three particle sizes namely, 0.15, 0.212, and 0.30 mm.

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recovering palm oil from empty fruit bunch (efb) liquor

Recovering palm oil from empty fruit bunch (EFB) liquor

palm oil mill processing about 90 tons of FFB per hour is typically within a year. Advantages of using a three-phase decanter Using a three-phase decanter to recov-er palm oil from empty fruit bunch liquor makes it possible to separate the out-lets into solids, oil and water. The water can subsequently be disposed of safely as effluent.

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oil palm empty fruit bunches in malaysia environmental ...

Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches In Malaysia Environmental ...

Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches In Malaysia Environmental Sciences Essay ABSTRACT. Generally, biogas can be produced by using different types of raw material such as palm oil mill effluent, empty fruit bunches, paddy straw, cow manure and etc.

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hydrolysis of empty fruit bunches of palm oil (elaeis ...

Hydrolysis of Empty Fruit Bunches of Palm Oil (Elaeis ...

abundant agricultural residues such as the empty fruit bunches of oil palm crop yield in palm oil industry. Processing of this waste products has two benefical effects i.e.: i) able to increase of added-value, and ii) overcome of environmental problems. Thus increases possibility to create

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bio-oils from pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches

Bio-oils from Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches

Abstract: Problem Statement: The palm oil industry generates an abundance of oil palm biomass such as the mesocarp fibre, shell, empty fruit bunch (EFB), frond, trunk and palm oil mill effluent (POME). For 80 million tonnes of fresh fruit bunch (FFB) processed last year, the amount of oil palm biomass was more than 25 million tones.

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characterization of oil palm empty fruit bunches for fuel ...

Characterization of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches for Fuel ...

Keywords: Empty fruit bunches, fast pyrolysis, bio-oil, ash, washed feedstock, TGA 1. INTRODUCTION Palm oil production is on a steeply rising path. The empty fruit bunches (EFB) are waste by-products that are being investigated for further uses. Currently, palm oil mills typically use the shell and the drier part of the fibre

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oil palm empty-fruit bunch application effects on the ...

Oil palm empty-fruit bunch application effects on the ...

Oil palm plantations produce two types of oil palm by-products: empty fruit bunches (EFB) and oil palm fronds. These by-products are produced in oil palm factories at the beginning of the oil extraction process and during oil palm frond pruning in plantations, respectively. About 6-7 tonnes of EFB are generated for every 10 tonnes of fresh

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composting empty fruit bunches of oil palm

COMPOSTING EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES OF OIL PALM

export of palm oil. Currently, there are more than three million hectares of oil palm plantations (Lim 2000). In total, about 90 million mt of renewable biomass (trunks, fronds, shells, palm press fiber and the empty fruit bunches) are produced each year. The empty fruit bunches (EFB) represent about 9% (Lim 2000) of this total.

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palm oil and palm waste potential in nigeria

PALM OIL AND PALM WASTE POTENTIAL IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACTOil palm is the most important product from Nigeria that has helped to change the scenario of its agriculture and economy. Lignocellulosic biomass which is produced from the oil palm industries includes oil palm trunks (OPT), oil palm fronds (OPF), empty fruit bunches (EFB), and palm pressed fibres (PPF), palm shells and palm oil mill effluent (POME).

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conversion of pre-treated oil palm empty fruit bunches into ...

CONVERSION OF PRE-TREATED OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES INTO ...

CONVERSION OF PRE-TREATED OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES INTO BIO-OIL AND BIO-CHAR VIA FAST PYROLYSIS MOHAMAD AZRI SUKIRAN*; SOH KHEANG LOH* and NASRIN ABU BAKAR* ABSTRACT The empty fruit bunch (EFB) is a cumbersome biomass generated during the palm oil milling process. It is one of the most extensively researched biomass.

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welcome to mpob's journal of oil palm research website

Welcome to MPOB's Journal of Oil Palm Research Website

Mulching with oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) supplemented with inorganic fertilizer is widely practiced in oil palm plantations but with little evidence in support. In the absence of technical information, estates are applying large amounts of N and K fertilizers with the EFB due to the need to maintain high yield.

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characterization of ash made from oil palm empty fruit ...

Characterization of ash made from oil palm empty fruit ...

Characterization of ash made from oil palm empty fruit bunches (oefb). Udoetok I. A. International Journal of Environmental Sciences Volume 3 No.1, 2012 519 mill. This residue may cause environmental pollution problems and spread diseases. Other researches stated that oil palm empty fruit bunch is a lignocellulosic source which is available

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effects of microbial additive on the physiochemical and ...

EFFECTS OF MICROBIAL ADDITIVE ON THE PHYSIOCHEMICAL AND ...

EFFECTS OF MICROBIAL ADDITIVE ON THE PHYSIOCHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES COMPOST LI YEE LIM 1, LEE SUAN CHUA 1,*, CHEW TIN LEE 2 1Metabolites Profiling Laboratory, Institute of Bioproduct Development, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia

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effects of ten year application of empty fruit bunches in an ...

Effects of ten year application of empty fruit bunches in an ...

Abstract : The oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB), a major waste product of the palm oil mills, were earlier incinerated at the mills and had contributed to air quality air quality Subject Category: Properties see more details problems in Malaysia malaysia Subject Category: Geographic Entities see more details. This lead to the introduction of ...

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the effects oil palm empty fruit bunches on oil palm ...

The effects oil palm empty fruit bunches on oil palm ...

The effects of N and K fertilizer application, and mulching with empty oil palm fruit bunches (EFB) on oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) nutrition and yield, and on soil chemical properties (at 0- to 15-cm and 15- to 30-cm depths) were studied in a 17-year-old plantation in Malaysia during 1995 and 1996.

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conversion of pre-treated oil palm empty fruit bunches into ...

CONVERSION OF PRE-TREATED OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES INTO ...

CONVERSION OF PRE-TREATED OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES INTO BIO-OIL AND BIO-CHAR VIA FAST PYROLYSIS MOHAMAD AZRI SUKIRAN*; SOH KHEANG LOH* and NASRIN ABU BAKAR* ABSTRACT The empty fruit bunch (EFB) is a cumbersome biomass generated during the palm oil milling process. It is one of the most extensively researched biomass.

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oil palm empty fruit bunches in malaysia environmental ...

Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches In Malaysia Environmental ...

Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches In Malaysia Environmental Sciences Essay ABSTRACT. Generally, biogas can be produced by using different types of raw material such as palm oil mill effluent, empty fruit bunches, paddy straw, cow manure and etc.

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composting empty fruit bunches of oil palm

COMPOSTING EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES OF OIL PALM

export of palm oil. Currently, there are more than three million hectares of oil palm plantations (Lim 2000). In total, about 90 million mt of renewable biomass (trunks, fronds, shells, palm press fiber and the empty fruit bunches) are produced each year. The empty fruit bunches (EFB) represent about 9% (Lim 2000) of this total.

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bio-oil production by pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch ...

Bio-Oil Production by Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch ...

should be inedible, thus avoiding any adverse effects on food production. Oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) is a byproduct from harvesting palm fruits. The government policy is to promote the cultivation of oil palm and in- crease oil palm production capacity. The plan is to in- crease palm oil production up to 26% of total world con-

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bio-oils from pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches ...

Bio-oils from Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches ...

Problem Statement: The palm oil industry generates an abundance of oil palm biomass such as the mesocarp fibre, shell, empty fruit bunch (EFB), frond, trunk and palm oil mill effluent (POME). For 80 million tonnes of fresh fruit bunch (FFB) processed last year, the amount of oil palm biomass was more than 25 million tones.

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the properties of the washed empty fruit bunches of oil palm

The Properties of the Washed Empty Fruit Bunches of Oil Palm

The Properties of the Washed Empty Fruit Bunches of Oil Palm . Nurhayati Abdullah* and Fauziah Sulaiman. School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Pulau Pinang, Malaysia *Corresponding author: nurhaya@usm.my . Abstract: Water washing pre-treatment on empty fruit bunches (EFB) of oil palm was

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fluidization of palm kernel shell, palm oil fronds, and empty ...

Fluidization of palm kernel shell, palm oil fronds, and empty ...

The increased biomass utilization has triggered the use of palm oil waste as fuel for gasification in Malaysia. In this study, pioneering work was conducted on three types of palm oil wastes namely palm kernel shell (PKS), palm oil fronds (POF), and empty fruit bunches (EFB). Minimum air velocity (U mf)

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about - the oil palm

ABOUT - The Oil Palm

Palm oil mill effluent (POME), which is waste generated from the processing of fresh fruit bunches and palm fruits to extract palm oil, is the most significant contributor of greenhouse gas emissions from the processing of palm oil.

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the effects oil palm empty fruit bunches on oil palm ...

The effects oil palm empty fruit bunches on oil palm ...

The effects of N and K fertilizer application, and mulching with empty oil palm fruit bunches (EFB) on oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) nutrition and yield, and on soil chemical properties (at 0- to 15-cm and 15- to 30-cm depths) were studied in a 17-year-old plantation in Malaysia during 1995 and 1996.

Get Price
slow pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches

Slow Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches

of plantation planted with oil palms [3]. There are close to 430 palm oil mills that process the palm fruits and these mills generate an abundant amount of biowastes or biomass. The solid biomass generated consists of shells, fruit fibers and empty fruit bunches (EFBs). For every tonne of fresh fruit bunch (FFB) processed, about 55 kg,

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bio-oils from pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches

Bio-oils from Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches

Abstract: Problem Statement: The palm oil industry generates an abundance of oil palm biomass such as the mesocarp fibre, shell, empty fruit bunch (EFB), frond, trunk and palm oil mill effluent (POME). For 80 million tonnes of fresh fruit bunch (FFB) processed last year, the amount of oil palm biomass was more than 25 million tones.

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modification of oil palm empty fruit bunches with maleic ...

Modification of oil palm empty fruit bunches with maleic ...

Oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB)-filled polypropylene (PP) composites were produced. The EFB filler was chemically modified with maleic anhydride (MAH). The effects of the filler size and chemical modification of EFBs on the tensile and dimensional stability properties of EFB–PP composites were studied.

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fungal pretreatment of oil palm empty fruit bunch: effect of ...

FUNGAL PRETREATMENT OF OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCH: EFFECT OF ...

effects of the addition of nitrogen and manganese in the pretreatment of OPEFB on the growth of Pleurotus floridanus LIPIMC996 and the activity of ligninolytic enzymes. EXPERIMENTAL Oil palm empty fruit bunch Oil palm empty fruit bunch was obtained from an oil palm mill in Medan, Indonesia. It was sun-dried

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microbial production of xylitol from oil palm empty fruit ...

Microbial Production of Xylitol from Oil Palm Empty Fruit ...

Considering its high content of hemicellulose, oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) lignocellulosic biomass waste from palm oil processing has the potential to be utilized as the raw material for the production of xylitol, a low calorie, low GI, and anti cariogenic alternative sugar with similar sweetness to sucrose.

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reducing the environmental impact of palm oil production ...

Reducing the environmental impact of palm oil production ...

“Once it is commercialised, our technology will enable palm oil processing facilities to turn oil palm fronds, trunks and empty fruit bunches into dried long fibre for matting, pallets, briquettes and biofuels,” said project lead Denny Ng from the university’s faculty of engineering.

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the effect of oil extraction of the oil palm empty fruit ...

The Effect of Oil Extraction of the Oil Palm Empty Fruit ...

the effect of oil extraction of the oil palm empty fruit bunch on the mechanical properties of polypropylene–oil palm empty fruit bunch–glass fibre hybrid composites H. D. Rozman et al. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering

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oil palm empty fruit bunch as a new organic filler for ...

Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch as a New Organic Filler for ...

describes the study on the effects of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) microfiller on the tree initiation and propagation in silicone rubber with different weight percentages (wt %) of filler to insulation bulk material. The weight percentages used were 0 wt % and 1 wt % respectively. It was found that the OPEFB retards the propagation of

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characterization of ash made from oil palm empty fruit ...

Characterization of ash made from oil palm empty fruit ...

Characterization of ash made from oil palm empty fruit bunches (oefb). Udoetok I. A. International Journal of Environmental Sciences Volume 3 No.1, 2012 519 mill. This residue may cause environmental pollution problems and spread diseases. Other researches stated that oil palm empty fruit bunch is a lignocellulosic source which is available

Get Price
empty fruit bunches (efb) - tawau

Empty fruit bunches (EFB) - Tawau

In Sabah, large quantities of palm waste called Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) are available from plantations where palm oil is produced. In its raw state, EFB is both very fibrous and wet. If it could be dried, it would be an excellent fuel for power boilers.

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slow pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches

Slow Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches

of plantation planted with oil palms [3]. There are close to 430 palm oil mills that process the palm fruits and these mills generate an abundant amount of biowastes or biomass. The solid biomass generated consists of shells, fruit fibers and empty fruit bunches (EFBs). For every tonne of fresh fruit bunch (FFB) processed, about 55 kg,

Get Price
torrefaction of pelletized oil palm empty fruit bunches

Torrefaction of Pelletized Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches

torrefaction of oil palm Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) at 300 °C for 30 mins resulted in an average mass yield of 24 % and energy yield of 56 %. In addition, the heating value (HHV) of torrefied EFB was 20.41 MJ/kg, which is lower than

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reducing the environmental impact of palm oil production ...

Reducing the environmental impact of palm oil production ...

“Once it is commercialised, our technology will enable palm oil processing facilities to turn oil palm fronds, trunks and empty fruit bunches into dried long fibre for matting, pallets, briquettes and biofuels,” said project lead Denny Ng from the university’s faculty of engineering.

Get Price
empty fruit (ravi) - palmoilis - mpob | slideblast.com

empty fruit (Ravi) - PALMOILIS - MPOB | SLIDEBLAST.COM

oil (palm oil + palm kernel oil) per hectare per year, compared to other crops such as jatropha (1600), soyabean (398) and rape (641). Another reason is the reliability in its supply. It is a perennial crop, and once planted can produce for the next 25 years. Annuals would have to be planted yearly, giving a somewhat unreliable supply.

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structural changes of oil palm empty fruit bunch (opefb ...

Structural Changes of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB ...

lignocellulosic residual remains as oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) at the mills. Indonesia is one of the largest oil palm producers in the world, where its production reached about 90 million metric tons of oil palm fruit in 2010 and as a result it accumulates about 20.7 million metric tons of OPEFB per year [1].

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conversion of oil palm empty fruit bunch to biofuels

Conversion of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch to Biofuels

Oil palm and oil palm empty fruit bunch. The supply of oil palm biomass and its processing by-products are found to be seven times that of natural timber . Besides producing oils and fats, there are continuous interests in using oil palm biomass as the source of renewable energy.

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the oil palm tree | oil palm knowledge base

The Oil Palm Tree | Oil Palm Knowledge Base

Oil palm is a monoecious crop as it bears both male and female flowers on the same tree. Pollination of the palms had been done manually up to the 1970s using especially designed bellows attached to a long pipe to blow pollen onto female flowers.After importation of oil palms to Malaysia, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, the palms bore fruit only when manually dusted.

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physical changes to oil palm empty fruit bunches (efb) and ...

Physical Changes to Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) and ...

producers of palm oil in the world. In Malaysia, oil palm occupies over four million hectares, occupying about 12% of Malaysia’s land area. One of the by-products of the palm oil milling process is the empty fruit bunches (EFB), and on average, every one tonne of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) produces about 220 kg of EFB as a by-

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oil palm tree - proven benefits, uses - 2beingfit

Oil palm tree - proven benefits, uses - 2BeingFit

• Oil is extracted from the fruit pulp (palm oil) and the kernel (palm kernel oil). For every 100 kg of fruit bunches, 22 kg of palm oil and 1.6 kg of palm kernel oil can be extracted. • It has a high oil yield (7,259 liters per hectare per year), high levels of natural antioxidant, and comparatively cheaper pricing.

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