availability, use, and removal of oil palm biomass in

Availability, use, and removal of oil palm biomass in

Availability, use, and removal of oil palm biomass in Indonesia Christopher Teh Boon Sung Dept. Land Management, Fac. of Agriculture, Uni. Putra Malaysia Report prepared for the International Council on Clean Transportation Date: January 2016 Keywords: Oil palm, palm oil, palm residues, empty fruit bunches, EFB, palm fronds, Indonesia, nutrient

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availability, use, and removal of oil palm biomass in

Availability, use, and removal of oil palm biomass in

ICCT commissioned this study by Dr. Christopher Teh Boon Sung, a professor at the University Putra Malaysia, to review and assess the environmental implications of removing palm residues from plantations for use as a biofuel feedstock in Indonesia. Indonesia has been producing biofuel mostly from palm oil, and advanced biofuel from palm residues could offer a more sustainable, low carbon

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availability, use, and removal of oil palm biomass in

Availability, Use, and Removal of Oil Palm Biomass in

Availability, Use, and Removal of Oil Palm Biomass in Indonesia. Farming/Growing, to review and assess the environmental implications of removing palm residues from plantations for use as a biofuel feedstock in Indonesia. Indonesia has been producing biofuel mostly from palm oil, and advanced biofuel from palm residues could offer a more

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(pdf) oil palm biomass residue in malaysia: availability

(PDF) Oil palm biomass residue in Malaysia: Availability

PDF | On The abundance of these biomass resources is increasing with the fast development of palm oil industries in Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand. In the Palm Oil value chain there is an overall surplus of by-products and the utilisation rate of these by-products is low.

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biomass energy in indonesia - bioenergy consult

Biomass Energy in Indonesia - BioEnergy Consult

It is estimated that Indonesia produces 146.7 million tons of biomass per year, equivalent to about 470 GJ/y. Sources of biomass energy in Indonesia are scattered all over the country, but the biggest potential in concentrated scale can be found in the Island of Kalimantan, Sumatera, Irian Jaya and Sulawesi.

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implementation of bioenergy from palm oil waste in indonesia

Implementation of Bioenergy from Palm Oil Waste in Indonesia

Along with the growing of palm oil industry in Indonesia, it also creates the availability of palm oil residue. However, in some agricultural industries, large concentrations of biomass waste can be utilized for power and heat production, thereby providing access to modern energy services. The types of residue

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introduction: oil palm: management for large and

Introduction: Oil palm: Management for large and

In 2013, Indonesia is estimated to have produced 570 mil. t of oil palm biomass, among which 299 mil. t is OPF (oil palm fronds), 134 mil. t is OPT (oil palm trunk), and 28 mil. t is EFB (empty

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(pdf) the oil palm wastes in malaysia - researchgate

(PDF) The Oil Palm Wastes in Malaysia - ResearchGate

PDF | Oil palm is the most important product from Malaysia that has helped to change the scenario of it’s agriculture and economy. Lignocellulosic biomass which is produced from the oil palm

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tropical plant diversity of borneo: the role of high

Tropical plant diversity of Borneo: The role of high

Availability, Use, and Removal of Oil Palm Biomass in Indonesia (The International Council on Clean Transportation C T B Sung For Sustainable Oil palm Production First Draft Version

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indonesia – page 2 – advanced biofuels usa

Indonesia – Page 2 – Advanced BioFuels USA

Availability, Use, and Removal of Oil Palm Biomass in Indonesia by Christopher Teh Boon Sung (International Council on Clean Transportation) Reviews the environmental impacts of removing palm residues from plantations and estimates how much of this resource could potentially be used for advanced biofuels in Indonesia.

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the potential of oil palm and rice biomass as

THE POTENTIAL OF OIL PALM AND RICE BIOMASS AS

Highly potential biomass for bioenergy feedstock in Indonesia comes from oil palm and rice by-products. Indonesia is the biggest CPO producer in the world.

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soil phosphorus availability after slash-and-burn fires of

Soil phosphorus availability after slash-and-burn fires of

Land clearing fires in Sumatra, Indonesia, caused enormous environmental problems for southeast Asia in 1997, but rubber farmers as well as large rubber and oil palm plantation owners continued to slash-and-burn due to the lack of an alternative that is equally quick, cheap, and capable of

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oil palm fibers as papermaking material: potentials

OIL PALM FIBERS AS PAPERMAKING MATERIAL: POTENTIALS

increased use of oil palm fibers in the future. Availability of Oil Palm Fiber Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is cultivated at a vast scale as a source of oil in West and Central Africa, where it is originated, and in Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand. In Malaysia and Indonesia, oil palm is one of the most important commercial crops; their

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the present status and potentials of biogas production and

The Present Status and Potentials of Biogas Production and

The Present Status and Potentials of Biogas Production and Utilisation for Palm Oil Mills-based Residues Tong, S L * and Lee, A L * Indonesia at 18.50 and 20.75 million tonnes, respectively, amounts to 87% of the total world palm oil production. On this basis, the scale of biomass residues availability from the oil palm plantation and palm

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palm biomass waste pellet production line

Palm Biomass Waste Pellet Production Line

The abundance of these biomass resources is increasing with the rapid development of oil palm industry in Malaysia and Indonesia, where a large quantity of oil palm trees grow there. Indonesia and Malaysia are the two largest oil palm producing countries. Availability of Biomass Fuel from Oil Palm

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christopher teh boon sung - google scholar citations

Christopher Teh Boon Sung - Google Scholar Citations

Effect of four soil and water conservation practices on soil physical processes in a non-terraced oil palm plantation A Moradi, CTB Sung, KJ Goh, AHM Hanif, CF Ishak Soil and Tillage Research 145, 62-71 ,

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national biomass strategy - fedepalma

National Biomass Strategy - Fedepalma

Potential to Develop a Sustainable Biomass Industry. i. Availability, Cost, Location of Biomass in Malaysia. ii. Technology Available to Process Biomass (Maturity) iii. Portfolio of Uses for Biomass. 2011: iv. Malaysia’s Biomass Opportunities Oil Palm Biomass 2013: Expanded Scope to Cover Forestry and Dedicated Crops As Source of Biomass

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conversion of pre-treated oil palm empty fruit

CONVERSION OF PRE-TREATED OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT

This is due to its abundant availability from the palm oil industry – spread over Malaysia, Indonesia and to some extent Thailand. It is widely recognised as a potential fuel but its use faces much hurdle, mainly due to its high ash content. Keywords: oil palm biomass,

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(pdf) implementation of bioenergy from palm oil waste in

(PDF) Implementation of Bioenergy from Palm Oil Waste in

Implementation of Bioenergy from Palm Oil Waste in Indonesia Rizky Fauzianto Technische Universität München, School of Forest Science and Resource Management, 85354 Freising, Germany Abstract Nowadays, the use of Renewable Energy (RE) has been proposed because the concerns with the price fluctuation of oil due to its high demand and its environmental benefits.

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oil palm fibers as papermaking material: potentials

OIL PALM FIBERS AS PAPERMAKING MATERIAL: POTENTIALS

increased use of oil palm fibers in the future. Availability of Oil Palm Fiber Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is cultivated at a vast scale as a source of oil in West and Central Africa, where it is originated, and in Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand. In Malaysia and Indonesia, oil palm is one of the most important commercial crops; their

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christopher teh boon sung - google scholar citations

Christopher Teh Boon Sung - Google Scholar Citations

Effect of four soil and water conservation practices on soil physical processes in a non-terraced oil palm plantation A Moradi, CTB Sung, KJ Goh, AHM Hanif, CF Ishak Soil and Tillage Research 145, 62-71 ,

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national biomass strategy - fedepalma

National Biomass Strategy - Fedepalma

Potential to Develop a Sustainable Biomass Industry. i. Availability, Cost, Location of Biomass in Malaysia. ii. Technology Available to Process Biomass (Maturity) iii. Portfolio of Uses for Biomass. 2011: iv. Malaysia’s Biomass Opportunities Oil Palm Biomass 2013: Expanded Scope to Cover Forestry and Dedicated Crops As Source of Biomass

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conversion of pre-treated oil palm empty fruit

CONVERSION OF PRE-TREATED OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT

This is due to its abundant availability from the palm oil industry – spread over Malaysia, Indonesia and to some extent Thailand. It is widely recognised as a potential fuel but its use faces much hurdle, mainly due to its high ash content. Keywords: oil palm biomass,

Get Price
(pdf) implementation of bioenergy from palm oil waste in

(PDF) Implementation of Bioenergy from Palm Oil Waste in

Implementation of Bioenergy from Palm Oil Waste in Indonesia Rizky Fauzianto Technische Universität München, School of Forest Science and Resource Management, 85354 Freising, Germany Abstract Nowadays, the use of Renewable Energy (RE) has been proposed because the concerns with the price fluctuation of oil due to its high demand and its environmental benefits.

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palm kernel shells as biomass resource - bioenergy consult

Palm Kernel Shells as Biomass Resource - BioEnergy Consult

Palm kernel shells contain residues of Palm Oil, which accounts for its slightly higher heating value than average lignocellulosic biomass. Compared to other residues from the industry, it is a good quality biomass fuel with uniform size distribution, easy handling, easy crushing, and limited biological activity due to low moisture content.

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carbon costs and benefits of indonesian rainforest

Carbon costs and benefits of Indonesian rainforest

Oil palm was the most efficient land-use type in the tradeoff between regulating and provisioning ecosystem services related to C. Oil palm cultivation led to

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biomaterial from oil palm waste: properties

Biomaterial from Oil Palm Waste: Properties

Through intensive research and development attempts, the world’s oil palm biomass has been commercialized in a variety of biomass-based products. The use of lignocellulosic material from oil palm biomass for various types of value-added products through chemical processing, physical and biological innovation is now evolving.

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experimental biodiversity enrichment in oil-palm-dominated

Experimental Biodiversity Enrichment in Oil-Palm-Dominated

Oct 17, 2016· Tropical biodiversity is threatened by the expansion of oil-palm plantations. Reduced-impact farming systems such as agroforests, have been proposed to increase biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In regions where oil-palm plantations already dominate the landscape, this increase can only be achieved through systematic ecological restoration.

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oil palm ( elaeis guineensis ) biomass in malaysia: the

Oil Palm ( Elaeis guineensis ) Biomass in Malaysia: The

This review article highlights the availability of oil palm biomass in Malaysia, the chemical compositions, as well as a brief description of current technologies for converting oil palm biomass into value added products. The review also outlines a summary of the various products obtained from oil palm biomass.

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palm oil mill wastes utilization; sustainability in the

Palm Oil Mill Wastes Utilization; Sustainability in the

Palm oil has a wide range of uses from deep frying to margarine and shortening for cakes, snacks, instant noodles etc. It is also being used in cosmetics, soaps and synthetic detergents. Due to the rises in crude oil globally, palm oil has become a much sought after fuel alternative.

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opportunities and challenges in palm oil: the malaysian

Opportunities and Challenges in Palm Oil: The Malaysian

Opportunities and Challenges in Production of Sustainable Palm Oil: The Malaysian Experiences. Dr. Kalyana Sundram Potential biofuel from palm oil biomass Use biomass to produce biofuel so that palm oil continued to be used for food. Oil palm is most efficient biofuel

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biomass wastes | bioenergy consult

Biomass Wastes | BioEnergy Consult

Most palm oil mills generate combined heat and power from fibres and shells, making the operations energy self –efficient. However, the use of palm oil residues can still be optimized in more energy efficient systems. Other potential source of biomass

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palm oil mill wastes utilization; sustainability in the

Palm Oil Mill Wastes Utilization; Sustainability in the

Palm oil has a wide range of uses from deep frying to margarine and shortening for cakes, snacks, instant noodles etc. It is also being used in cosmetics, soaps and synthetic detergents. Due to the rises in crude oil globally, palm oil has become a much sought after fuel alternative.

Get Price
opportunities and challenges in palm oil: the malaysian

Opportunities and Challenges in Palm Oil: The Malaysian

Opportunities and Challenges in Production of Sustainable Palm Oil: The Malaysian Experiences. Dr. Kalyana Sundram Potential biofuel from palm oil biomass Use biomass to produce biofuel so that palm oil continued to be used for food. Oil palm is most efficient biofuel

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biomass wastes | bioenergy consult

Biomass Wastes | BioEnergy Consult

Most palm oil mills generate combined heat and power from fibres and shells, making the operations energy self –efficient. However, the use of palm oil residues can still be optimized in more energy efficient systems. Other potential source of biomass

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sourcing overseas biomass for eu ambitions: assessing net

Sourcing overseas biomass for EU ambitions: assessing net

In Indonesia, palm residues such as fronds or empty fruit bunches are currently largely left as waste in the fields and at oil mills. Palm residues are currently free of charge; in the future, feedstock cost might be added once palm residues become commercialized. Costs might also be higher if the certification of the Roundtable on Sustainable

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the oil palm wastes in malaysia - academia.edu

The Oil Palm Wastes in Malaysia - academia.edu

Also the establishment of an industry related to ‘oil palm biomass for energy’’ technology could be supported. 3. Utilization of oil palm wastes Another route to obtain more energy from oil palm plantations is the more efficient use of oil palm biomass other than the palm oil. There are no detailed statistics for oil palm dry matter

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feature article - palm oil information online service

Feature Article - Palm Oil Information Online Service

The palm oil industry is undergoing rapid changes, not only in the technologies for the palm oil production itself, but also for the use of the residues derived from it (Kandiah, 2010). The potential for commercialisation of oil palm-based biomass is huge, given that the residues are readily available in very large quantities amounting to 16

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an optimisation study for catalytic hydrolysis of oil

An OPTIMIsATIOn sTUDY FOR CATALYTIC HYDROLYsIs OF OIL

The driving force behind the oil palm biomass research is the usage of abundant quantities of oil palm by-products to produce environmental-friendly fuels (Basiron and Weng, 2004; May et al., 2005). Palm shell, a waste of oil palm industry, was selected as a feed biomass because of its potential to produce bio-fuels and its availability in large

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sulfated exopolysaccharide production and nutrient removal

Sulfated exopolysaccharide production and nutrient removal

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is agricultural wastewater generated from palm oil processing. Presently, Asian coconut palm oil (CPO) production comprises 87.8% of the total world production of 57.32 million t. Within this region, Indonesia is currently known as the largest CPO producer, followed by Malaysia (Faostat 2018).

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global palm oil market update | sgs

Global Palm Oil Market Update | SGS

The drop in crude oil prices in 2015 has had a significant impact on the price of CPO. Weak demand from China due to a slowdown in its economy, the availability of alternative cheap cooking oils, such as soya bean, to replace palm oil, and high palm oil stocks have also contributed to the palm oil price slide.

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biomass

Biomass

The estimated biomass production in the world is approximately 100 billion metric tons of carbon per year, about half in the ocean and half on land. Wood and residues from wood, for instance spruce, birch, eucalyptus, willow, oil palm, remains the largest biomass energy source today.

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production cost assessment of palm empty fruit bunch

Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Conversion to Bio-Oil via Fast Pyrolysis removal, bio oil recovery, and storage. The production cost is influenced by the amount of bio-oil production, material cost, Table 1 shows the biomass source potential from palm oil mills in Indonesia in 2010 as reported in [3]. It is clear from

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using biomass residues from oil palm industry - docshare.tips

Using Biomass Residues From Oil Palm Industry - docshare.tips

The use of oil palm biomass Indonesia, the oil palm plantations are done on a fresh cleared rain forest, peat-swamp An estimated availability of oil palm biomass in Malaysia. PORIM Occasional Paper No. 37: 100. Kamarul, A. H. (2008). Production of cellulose fiber from oil palm frond using steam explosion method.

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greenhouse gas emissions from palm oil production

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Palm Oil Production

of oil palm plantations, processing of fresh fruit bunches at palm oil mills, as well as further transport, processing and end-uses of palm oil and palm oil derived products. In the framework of the GHG Working Group, a significant number of studies have been reviewed (Refer to Chapter 4 ‘Reference list’).

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issues related to the impact of oil palm on the environment

Issues related to the Impact of Oil Palm on the Environment

'Oil palm is expanded through the removal of forests'. Much of the land planted to oil palm has been logged before clearing for oil palm. Area expansion of oil palm accounts for a very small part of the total forest reserve depletion. Globally at 8.5 million ha, oil palm has the lowest land use compared with over 58 million ha of land used for

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production cost assessment of palm empty fruit bunch

Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Conversion to Bio-Oil via Fast Pyrolysis removal, bio oil recovery, and storage. The production cost is influenced by the amount of bio-oil production, material cost, Table 1 shows the biomass source potential from palm oil mills in Indonesia in 2010 as reported in [3]. It is clear from

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using biomass residues from oil palm industry - docshare.tips

Using Biomass Residues From Oil Palm Industry - docshare.tips

The use of oil palm biomass Indonesia, the oil palm plantations are done on a fresh cleared rain forest, peat-swamp An estimated availability of oil palm biomass in Malaysia. PORIM Occasional Paper No. 37: 100. Kamarul, A. H. (2008). Production of cellulose fiber from oil palm frond using steam explosion method.

Get Price
greenhouse gas emissions from palm oil production

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Palm Oil Production

of oil palm plantations, processing of fresh fruit bunches at palm oil mills, as well as further transport, processing and end-uses of palm oil and palm oil derived products. In the framework of the GHG Working Group, a significant number of studies have been reviewed (Refer to Chapter 4 ‘Reference list’).

Get Price
issues related to the impact of oil palm on the environment

Issues related to the Impact of Oil Palm on the Environment

'Oil palm is expanded through the removal of forests'. Much of the land planted to oil palm has been logged before clearing for oil palm. Area expansion of oil palm accounts for a very small part of the total forest reserve depletion. Globally at 8.5 million ha, oil palm has the lowest land use compared with over 58 million ha of land used for

Get Price
biodiesel

Biodiesel

Additionally, it has a higher buoyancy than crude oil, which later aids in its removal. As a result, 80% of oil was removed from cobble and fine sand, 50% in coarse sand, and 30% in gravel. Once the oil is liberated from the shoreline, the oil-biodiesel mixture is manually removed from the

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properties of oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre filled high

Properties of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre Filled High

Properties of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre Filled High Density Polyethylene matrix bond such that removal of the layer resulted in drastic decrease of the pullout stress, increase of the since a large quantity of the biomass is generated by oil palm industries.

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palm oil efb: green energy source in malaysia

Palm Oil EFB: Green Energy Source in Malaysia

Empty fruit bunches (EFB) is a good lingo-cellulosic biomass to produce bio-ethanol, to generate electricity by using chemical or thermo-chemical conversion processes respectively. It is one of the potential renewable energy sources to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels and environment pollution. It is found that about 6% of diesel fuel can be saved by using palm oil EFB based converted bio

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exergy analysis of palm oil waste biomass biology essay

Exergy Analysis Of Palm Oil Waste Biomass Biology Essay

In this study, the chemical exergy of the palm oil milling process residues were calculated with respect to the air as the reference environment. Then the results have been compared with each other for finding the highest and lowest exegetic wastes. 2. Availability of palm oil biomass waste

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the case for small scale biomass in indonesia

The Case for Small Scale Biomass in Indonesia

Indonesia is the largest producer of palm oil in the world, which is a product that produces vast quantities of feed material every year (used palm bunches). The majority of installed biomass generation is collocated with palm oil plantations and is usually 10MW or more in size.

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opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in

Opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in

nutrient availability, soil water content, and water table level, all of which are affected by management practices. We estimate that total carbon loss from converting peat swamp forests into oil palm is 59.4 10.2Mg of CO 2 per hectare per year during the first 25 y after land-use cover change, of

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empty fruit bunches (efb) - tawau

Empty fruit bunches (EFB) - Tawau

Empty fruit bunches (EFB) is becoming a popular source of fuel for renewable energy (RE) power generation. The rapid depletion of fossil fuel and most developed nations are pursuing the development of biomass as an alternative method of power generation. Malaysia has a ready source of biomass in Empty fruit bunches (EFB) conveniently collected and available for exploitation in all palm oil mills.

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nutrients for oil palm: a question of balance

Nutrients for oil palm: A question of balance

Potassium Oil palm carries large quantities of potassium particularly in the stalks, fibres and shells and therefore correspondingly large amounts are removed at harvest. Potassium has crucial role in oil palm metabolism with a direct effect on the functioning of

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opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in

Opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in

The expansion of oil palm increases demand for land, which causes substantial social and environmental concerns with regards to community rights, biodiversity in high-value conservation forests, and GHG emissions from removal of forest biomass and peat decomposition (17, 18).

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soil nitrogen-cycling responses to conversion of lowland

Soil Nitrogen-Cycling Responses to Conversion of Lowland

Rapid deforestation in Sumatra, Indonesia is presently occurring due to the expansion of palm oil and rubber production, fueled by an increasing global demand. Our study aimed to assess changes in soil-N cycling rates with conversion of forest to oil palm (Elaeis

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